ISLAM DI THAILAND

Sanurdi Sanurdi

Abstract


In the history Islam has existed in Thailand since the 13th century. Muslims have been active in trade and administration in the Thailand kingdom. However, in its development, as a minority, there was conflict due to discrimination and intimidation. In 2000 the percentage of religion in Thailand was Buddhist (95%), Islam (4%), Christian (0.6%), and other religions (0.4%). This paper seeks to examine the existence of Islam and the problems of Muslims as a minority in Thailand. In general, the Muslim population in Thailand is divided into two groups, namely Malay Muslims and Thai Muslims. The majority of Muslims are in the Southern part of Thailand, especially in Pattani area so they are often referred to as Muslim Patani Darussalam or Patani Raya which is closer to Malay. While the Thai Muslims are in the Middle and North that includes the descendants of Iranian Muslims, Champa, Indonesia, India, Pakistan, China, and Malay. Problems faced by Muslims in Thailand are more commonly experienced by Malay Muslims or Pattani in southern Thailand. They are regarded as Khaek (guests or foreigners), a negative prejudice. Malay language and names are prohibited from being used in public institutions, such as schools and government agencies. This resulted in the emergence of Pattani's reaction and resistance to the part of Southern Thailand to obtain special autonomy, even to separatists. Finally, in early 2004 there were several incidents and riots occurring in Southern Thailand, especially in Narathiwat, Yala, and Pattani. This conflict occurs because the demands of the separatist movement and the government act hard against them in militaristic ways, on the other hand people are also dissatisfied with government discrimination as well as violence actions separatist movement. This is exacerbated and worsened by USA intervention in the conflict under the pretext of fighting Islamic separatist violence.

Keywords


muslim minority; malay (pattani) muslims; thai muslims; the existence of islam dan the problems of muslims in thailand

Full Text:

PDF

References


“Batalkan Undang-undang Tentara dan Tarik Balik Tentara,” (29 April

; www.citizensint.org/statement/thaibm.htm.

“Indonesia Kecam Peledakan Bom di Thailand.” www.tempointeraktif.

com/ng/brk.id.html.

http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provinsi_Pattani.

http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thailand

Esposito, John L. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World

(Ensiklopedi Oxford Dunia Islam Modern), terj. Eva Y.N, et.al. Cet.

II; Bandung: Mizan, 2002.

Gayo, Iwan. Buku Pintar Seri Senior: Plus 20 Negara Baru, Cet. XVII.

Jakarta: Upaya Warga Negara, 2000.

Husain, Muhammad. al-Islām wa al-Hadhārāt al-Gharbiyah, Cet. I.

Beirūt: Dār al-Irsyād, 1969.

Nasution, Harun. Pembaharuan dalam Islam; Sejarah Pemikiran dan

Gerakan. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1975

Seni Mudmar, “Negara, Kekerasan dan Bahasa, Tinjauan atas Sejumlah

hasil Stdi Mengenai Kaum Muslim Mungthai,” Saiful Muzani (ed.),

Pembangunan dan Kebangkitan Islam di Asia Tenggara. Jakarta:

LP3ES, 1993.

Thohir, Ajid. Perkembangan Peradaban di Kawasan Dunia Islam. Jakarta:

PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 2004.

Yatim, Badri. Sejarah Peradaban Islam, Cet. II. Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindo

Persada, 1994.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.32489/tasamuh.236

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Tasamuh: Jurnal Studi Islam

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Tasamuf: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, Indexed and Journal List Title by:

 Crossref Content Registration logo 

 

 

 


 

Web
Analytics Made Easy - StatCounter View My Stats


Organized by: STAIN Sorong
Published by: STAIN Sorong
Jl. Sorong-Klamono Km. 17 Klablim Sorong, Papua Barat
phone. +62951322133
Fax. +62951322133
Email: yudiawan1922@gmail.com